The use of personal information belonging to anyone else is an identity theft crime in Oregon. This is especially true if the information is utilized in an effort to make a financial gain. This is a felony crime that will result in prison time.
- 1 Oregon Laws
- 1.1 Identity Theft - 165.800
- 1.2 Criminal Impersonation - 162.365
- 1.3 Giving False Information to the Police - 162.385
- 1.4 Misrepresentation of Age By a Minor - 165.805
- 1.5 Unlawful Possession of Access Device - 165.810
- 1.6 Fictitious Identification - 165.813
- 1.7 Security Freeze - 646A.606
- 1.8 Security Breach - 646A.604
- 1.9 Social Security Numbers - 646A.620
- 2 Resources
Identity Theft - 165.800
Having any intent to deceive someone by using the personal information of another is known as identity theft. This illegal activity classifies as a Class C felony in the state of Oregon. Hefty fines are associated with this crime, reaching up to $125,000. A maximum prison term of five years is also given.
Criminal Impersonation - 162.365
Any person with a purpose of defrauding another or obtaining a benefit is committing criminal impersonation if they use the identity of an officer, public servant, or member of the armed forces to do so. Even pretending to be part of a police force that does not exist, such as making up a false station name or fake city, is unlawful. It is a Class A misdemeanor to impersonate any of these professions. The offense excels to a Class C felony if the impersonated profession is that of a judge or justice of the peace.
Giving False Information to the Police - 162.385
If a person has an arrest warrant out in their name, and they choose to give a false name in order to resist that warrant, they are committing an unlawful act in the state of Oklahoma. Giving false information to the police is a serious offense. This includes assuming the identity of another person in order to avoid arrest or receiving a citation. Using a fake address or date of birth is also considered unlawful. A Class A misdemeanor is awarded in these instances. One year may be spent in jail, while also having to pay $6,250 worth of fines.
Misrepresentation of Age By a Minor - 165.805
Minors typically misrepresent their age in an attempt to get their hands on alcohol or tobacco, things they cannot have until they are 21 and 18. While many are not exactly committing identity theft, some do use the IDs of others in order to obtain substances that are illegal for them to have. Some also alter identification cards in an effort to change their age so they can make the purchases. This is a crime in Oregon, equating to a Class C misdemeanor. There is a potential with this charge to spend 30 days in jail, and possible fines totalling $1,250.
Unlawful Possession of Access Device - 165.810
An access device refers to any type of credit card, account number, license plate, or similar codes that can help people access the information or accounts of another person. Possessing an access device that belongs to anyone else is unlawful in the state of Oregon. A Class C felony, which earns a perpetrator between one and five years in prison, is awarded to anyone who commits this offense. Possessing a driver’s license or employee identification card belonging to another person is also punishable under this law.
Fictitious Identification - 165.813
Creating or purchasing fictitious identification is just as bad as using the identity of another person. It is still a way to fake an identity and attempt to get away with various crimes. This charge also earns offenders a Class C felony.
Security Freeze - 646A.606
Oregonians may elect to place security freezes on their accounts when a theft of identity has been suspected. With a freeze in place, no other creditors may attempt to look at the consumer report that verifies credit information. It prevents thieves from opening new lines of credit in their victims’ names.
A victim will have the associated fees waived if they can provide a police report detailing the events. They must also provide their personal identifying information in order to ensure the account belongs to them. The freeze may be lifted at any time in order for the victim to allow creditors and agencies of their choosing to view their information.
Security Breach - 646A.604
Any occupation that is responsible for holding onto personal information must notify all people within their database when a security breach occurs. A security breach has the potential to result in an identity theft case, so it is essential that all participants are aware that their identities may be compromised. With prompt notification, the people can begin to address the situation and work to change passwords and switch their information.
Social Security Numbers - 646A.620
No business shall display, print, or post social security numbers belonging to any personnel or customers. Publicly posting any amount of numbers related to social security is strictly prohibited. The last four or five digits may be included in a personal notification to an employee, but that is only when it is sealed in an envelope.
Oregonians have access to a number of valid resources that discuss identity theft and the ways to prevent the crime from happening.
Doj.state.org.us: The Oregon Department of Justice offers consumer protection for fighting fraud and protecting all Oregonians. Their website provides various state and federal resources, as well as discusses the benefit of regularly checking accounts and credit reports in order to prevent fraud from occurring.
Dfr.oregon.gov: The Oregon Division of Financial Regulation discusses steps for people to take in order to protect their identity. Tips for handling time online are also provided.
Oregon.gov: The Oregon DMV has an overview section that explores the steps for replacing a driver’s license or state identification card. When a card is lost, stolen, or damaged, a replacement can be received. The applicant must go into the DMV in order to file for a replacement card.
Consumer.ftc.gov: The Federal Trade Commission supplies consumer protection information to consumers of all states, including Oregon. Various steps are listed for people to take, whether they have experienced a security breach, are in need of identity protection, or are looking for resources.